Generate secure multiword passwords/passphrases, inspired by XKCD
A flexible and scriptable password generator which generates strong passphrases, inspired by XKCD 936:
$ xkcdpass > correct horse battery staple
xkcdpass can be easily installed using pip:
pip install xkcdpass
python setup.py install
The latest development version can be found on github: https://github.com/redacted/XKCD-password-generator
Contributions welcome and gratefully appreciated!
Python 2.4+ (Python 3.x compatible)
xkcdpass can be called with no arguments:
$ xkcdpass > pinball previous deprive militancy bereaved numeric
which returns a single password, using the default dictionary and default settings. Or you can mix whatever arguments you want:
$ xkcdpass --count=5 --acrostic='chaos' --delimiter='|' --min=5 --max=6 --valid_chars='[a-z]' > collar|highly|asset|ovoid|sultan > caper|hangup|addle|oboist|scroll > couple|honcho|abbot|obtain|simple > cutler|hotly|aortae|outset|stool > cradle|helot|axial|ordure|shale
- --count=5 5 passwords to choose from
- --acrostic='chaos' the first letters of which spell ‘chaos’
- --delimiter='|' joined using ‘|’
- --min=5 --max=6 with words between 5 and 6 characters long
- --valid_chars='[a-z]' using only lower-case letters (via regex).
A concise overview of the available xkcdpass options can be accessed via:
xkcdpass --help Usage: xkcdpass [options] Options: -h, --help show this help message and exit -w WORDFILE, --wordfile=WORDFILE List of valid words for password --min=MIN_LENGTH Minimum length of words to make password --max=MAX_LENGTH Maximum length of words to make password -n NUMWORDS, --numwords=NUMWORDS Number of words to make password -i, --interactive Interactively select a password -v VALID_CHARS, --valid_chars=VALID_CHARS Valid chars, using regexp style (e.g. '[a-z]') -V, --verbose Report various metrics for given options -a ACROSTIC, --acrostic=ACROSTIC Acrostic to constrain word choices -c COUNT, --count=COUNT number of passwords to generate -d DELIM, --delimiter=DELIM separator character between words
A large wordlist is provided for convenience, but the generator can be used with any word file of the correct format: a file containing one ‘word’ per line. The default word file can be found in xkcdpass/static/default.txt.
The default word list is derived mechanically from 12Dicts by Alan Beale. It is the understanding of the author of xkcdpass that purely mechanical transformation does not imbue copyright in the resulting work. The documentation for the 12Dicts project at http://wordlist.aspell.net/12dicts/ contains the following dedication:
The 12dicts lists were compiled by Alan Beale. I explicitly release them to the public domain, but request acknowledgment of their use.
Using xkcdpass as an imported module
A simple use of import:
from xkcdpass import xkcd_password as xp # create a wordlist from the default wordfile # use words between 5 and 8 letters long wordfile = xp.locate_wordfile() mywords = xp.generate_wordlist(wordfile=wordfile, min_length=5, max_length=8) # create a password with the acrostic "face" print(xp.generate_xkcdpassword(mywords, acrostic="face"))
When used as an imported module, generate_wordlist() takes the following args (defaults shown):
wordfile=None, min_length=5, max_length=9, valid_chars='.'
While generate_xkcdpassword() takes:
wordlist, numwords=6, interactive=False, acrostic=False, delimiter=" "
This is free software: you may copy, modify, and/or distribute this work under the terms of the BSD 3-Clause license. See the file LICENSE.BSD for details. -