Implementation of localized model fields using PostgreSQL HStore fields.
django-localized-fields is an implementation of a field class for Django models that allows the field’s value to be set in multiple languages. It does this by utilizing the hstore type (PostgreSQL specific), which is available as models.HStoreField in Django 1.10.
Install the package from PyPi:
$ pip install django-localized-fields
Add localized_fields to your INSTALLED_APPS:
INSTALLED_APPS = [ .... 'localized_fields' ]
Declare fields on your model as LocalizedField:
from django.db import models from localized_fields.fields import LocalizedField class MyModel(models.Model): title = LocalizedField()
During migration, the field type will be changed to hstore. From now on you can store multi-language content in this field:
new = MyModel() new.title.en = 'english title' new.title.nl = 'dutch title' new.title.ro = 'romanian title' new.save()
django-localized-fields integrates with Django’s i18n system, in order for certain languages to be available you have to correctly configure the LANGUAGES and LANGUAGE_CODE settings:
LANGUAGE_CODE = 'en' # default language LANGUAGEs = ( ('en', 'English'), ('nl', 'Dutch'), ('ro', 'Romanian') )
By changing the active language you can control which language is presented:
from django.utils import translation translation.activate('nl') print(new.title) # prints 'dutch title' translation.activate('en') print(new.title) # prints 'english title'
Or get it in a specific language:
print(new.title.get('en')) # prints 'english title' print(new.title.get('ro')) # prints 'romanian title' print(new.title.get()) # whatever language is the currently active one
You can also explicitly set a value in a certain language:
new.title.set('en', 'other english title') new.title.set('nl', 'other dutch title') new.title.ro = 'other romanian title'
By default, the following constraints apply to a LocalizedField:
- Only the default language is required. The other languages are optional and can be NULL.
- If null=True is specified on the LocalizedField, then none of the languages are required.
At the moment it is not possible to specifically instruct LocalizedField to mark certain languages as required or optional.
Besides LocalizedField, there’s also:
- Automatically creates a slug for every language from the specified field. Depends upon:
Currently only supports populate_from. Example usage:
from django.db import models from localized_fields.fields import (LocalizedField, LocalizedAutoSlugField) class MyModel(models.Model): title = LocalizedField() slug = LocalizedAutoSlugField(populate_from='title')
- Automatically bleaches the content of the field.
from django.db import models from localized_fields.fields import (LocalizedField, LocalizedBleachField) class MyModel(models.Model): title = LocalizedField() description = LocalizedBleachField()